An Act To Establish Ranked-choice Voting
Sec. 1. 21-A MRSA §1, sub-§27-C is enacted to read:
Sec. 2. 21-A MRSA §1, sub-§35-A is enacted to read:
Sec. 3. 21-A MRSA §601, sub-§2, ¶J is enacted to read:
Sec. 4. 21-A MRSA §722, sub-§1, as amended by PL 2009, c. 253, §36, is further amended to read:
Sec. 5. 21-A MRSA §723-A is enacted to read:
§ 723-A. Determination of winner in election for an office elected by ranked-choice voting
(1) The candidate cannot be elected because the candidate's vote total in a round of the ranked-choice voting tabulation plus all votes that could possibly be transferred to the candidate in future rounds from candidates with fewer votes or an equal number of votes would not be enough to surpass the candidate with the next-higher vote total in the round; or
(2) The candidate has a lower vote total than a candidate described in subparagraph (1).
Sec. 6. Application. This Act applies to elections held on or after January 1, 2018.
This initiated bill provides ranked-choice voting for the offices of United States Senator, United States Representative to Congress, Governor, State Senator and State Representative for elections held on or after January 1, 2018. Ranked-choice voting is a method of casting and tabulating votes in which voters rank candidates in order of preference, tabulation proceeds in rounds in which last-place candidates are defeated and the candidate with the most votes in the final round is elected.