§1319-O. Rule-making authority; hazardous waste, waste oil and biomedical waste
1. Hazardous waste. This subsection governs rulemaking for hazardous waste.
A. The commissioner may adopt and amend rules identifying hazardous waste. It is the intent of the Legislature that the commissioner shall identify as hazardous waste those substances that are identified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency in proposed or final regulations. The Legislature also intends that the commissioner may identify as hazardous waste, in accordance with subparagraph (2), other substances in addition to those identified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. Further, the Legislature intends that a substance that has been identified as a hazardous waste by the commissioner may be removed from identification only by further rulemaking by the commissioner.
Hazardous waste may be identified as follows.
(1) The commissioner may identify any substance as a hazardous waste if that substance is identified as hazardous by particular substance, by characteristic, by chemical class or as a waste product of a specific industrial activity in proposed or final rules of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
(2) The commissioner may identify any substance as a hazardous waste if the commissioner, after evaluation based on existing data or data reasonably extrapolated from previously conducted studies using similar classes of substances or compounds under similar circumstances, has determined that the substance is an acute or chronic toxin causing significant potential adverse public health or environmental effects. An acute or chronic toxin may include the characteristics of:
(c) Teratogenicity; or
Rules adopted under this subparagraph must be submitted to the joint standing committee of the Legislature having jurisdiction over natural resources for review.
(3) Whenever the commissioner proposes to adopt or amend rules identifying hazardous waste or removing hazardous waste from identification, the comissioner shall hold a public hearing.
(4) In addition to hazardous waste identified under subparagraphs (1) and (2), the Legislature identifies the following chemicals, materials, substances or waste as being hazardous waste:
(a) Polychlorinated biphenyls and any substance containing polychlorinated biphenyls. [2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD).]
B. The commissioner may adopt rules relating to the handling of hazardous waste, including, but not limited to:
(1) Containerization and labeling of hazardous waste, consistent with applicable rules of other federal and state agencies;
(2) Reporting of handling of hazardous waste; and
(3) Waste that is not compatible. [2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD).]
C. The commissioner may adopt rules relating to transportation of hazardous waste, including, but not limited to:
(1) Licensing of transporters of hazardous waste, conveyances used for the transportation of hazardous waste and the operators of these conveyances; and licensing fees must be paid to the Maine Hazardous Waste Fund; and
(2) A manifest system for hazardous waste that takes into consideration the requirements of the United States Resources Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, Public Law 94-580, as amended, and this subchapter. [2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD).]
D. The commissioner may adopt rules relating to the interim and final licensing and operation of waste facilities for hazardous waste, including, but not limited to:
(1) Standards for the safe operation and maintenance of the waste facilities, including, but not limited to, record keeping, monitoring before and during operation of the facility and after its termination of use or closure, inspections and contingency plans to minimize potential damage from hazardous waste;
(2) The training of personnel and the certification of supervisory personnel involved in the operation of the waste facilities;
(3) The termination, closing and potential future uses of the waste facilities;
(4) Rules equivalent to regulations of the United States Environmental Protection Agency that provide for licensing or permitting by rule; and
(5) Corrective action for all releases of hazardous waste or constituents from any solid waste management unit at a treatment, storage or disposal facility seeking a permit under this subchapter, regardless of the time waste was placed in the unit. For purposes of this paragraph, "solid waste management unit" includes any waste pile, landfill, surface impoundment or land treatment facility from which hazardous constituents might migrate, regardless of whether the unit was intended for the management of solid or hazardous wastes. [2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD).]
E. The commissioner may adopt rules relating to evidence of financial capacity of hazardous waste facilities' owners or operators, and of those who transport hazardous waste, to protect public health, safety and welfare and the environment, including, but not limited to:
(1) Liability insurance;
(2) Bonding; and
(3) Financial ability to comply with statutory and regulatory requirements or conditions.
Evidence of financial capacity required by the commissioner may include one, or any combination, of the following: insurance, guarantee, surety bond, letter of credit or qualification as a self-insurer. In establishing the required evidence of financial capacity to further the purposes of this subchapter, the commissioner may specify policy or other contractual terms, conditions or defenses that are necessary or that are unacceptable. [2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD).]
F. By January 1, 2000, the board shall adopt, at a minimum, the universal waste rules, excluding pesticides, promulgated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as defined in 40 Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 9, 260, 261, 262, 264, 265, 266, 268, 270 and 273. [1999, c. 340, §1 (NEW).]
[ 2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD) .]
2. Waste oil. This subsection governs rulemaking for waste oil.
A. The board may adopt rules relating to the transportation, collection and storage of waste oil to protect public health, safety and welfare and the environment. The rules may include, without limitation, rules requiring licenses for waste oil dealers and the location of waste oil storage sites that are operated by waste oil dealers, evidence of financial capability and manifest systems for waste oil. A person licensed by the department to transport or handle hazardous waste is not required to obtain a waste oil dealer's license, but the hazardous waste license must include any terms or conditions determined necessary by the department relating to the transportation or handling of waste oil. [2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD).]
B. The board may adopt rules relating to the registration, design and operation of used oil collection centers for the purposes of section 1319-Y. Rules adopted pursuant to this paragraph are major substantive rules as defined in Title 5, chapter 375, subchapter 2-A. [2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD).]
[ 2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD) .]
3. Handling and disposal of biomedical waste. The commissioner shall adopt rules relating to the packaging, labeling, handling, storage, collection, transportation, treatment and disposal of biomedical waste, including infectious and pathogenic waste, to protect public health, safety and welfare and the environment.
A. The rules must include, without limitation:
(1) Registration of biomedical waste generators;
(2) Handling of biomedical waste by generators;
(3) Licensing of biomedical waste transporters and the conveyances used for the transportation of biomedical waste;
(4) Implementation of a biomedical waste tracking or manifest system;
(5) Establishment of treatment and disposal standards; and
(6) Categories of biomedical waste subject to regulation under this subsection, consistent with the provisions of section 1303-C, subsection 1-A. [1989, c. 124, §3 (NEW); 1989, c. 869, Pt. A, §11 (AMD); 1989, c. 869, Pt. A, §21 (AFF).]
B. The commissioner shall adopt rules governing the siting, licensing, operational and record-keeping requirements for biomedical waste treatment, storage and disposal facilities. [2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD).]
C. The commissioner shall require evidence of financial capacity. [2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD).]
D. The commissioner may assess licensing and registration fees sufficient to pay for the department's administrative costs in regulating biomedical waste. [2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD).]
E. The rules must provide transportation and disposal options for persons who generate fewer than 50 pounds of sharps per month that allow:
(1) The generator or an employee of the generator to transport properly packaged sharps to a licensed biomedical waste disposal facility or another medical facility that has volunteered to serve as a collection point for sharps if no more than 50 pounds of sharps are transported in one trip; and
(2) The generator to mail properly packaged sharps to a licensed biomedical waste disposal facility in this State or a facility in another state if the carrier accepts those items and no more than 50 pounds are transported in any single package.
For purposes of this paragraph, "sharps" means items that may cause puncture wounds or cuts, including hypodermic needles, syringes, scalpel blades, capillary tubes and lancets, and "properly packaged" means packaged in accordance with department rules and rules or requirements imposed by the mail carrier. [1993, c. 529, §1 (NEW).]
[ 2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD) .]
1987, c. 517, §28 (NEW). 1989, c. 124, §§2,3 (AMD). 1989, c. 794, §4 (AMD). 1989, c. 869, §§A10,11,21 (AMD). 1989, c. 890, §§A40,B261 (AMD). 1993, c. 529, §1 (AMD). 1995, c. 573, §§4,5 (AMD). 1997, c. 624, §18 (AMD). 1999, c. 340, §1 (AMD). 2005, c. 549, §6 (AMD). 2015, c. 124, §9 (AMD).