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Maine Clean Election Act
Last updated: June 2018

Introduction

The Maine Clean Election Act was enacted by the approval of a citizen initiative in 1996 (IB 1995, c. 1). The Act established a voluntary program of public financing of political campaigns for governor, state senator, and state representative. It is codified as 21-A MRS §§1121-1128. This legislative history covers session laws enacting and amending these statutes as well as other legislation related to the Act.





Browse by Session Law:  

Year LD Amendments Session Law Legislative Record Committee Files / News / Study Reports Full LD
History
1996 LD 1823

An Act to Reform Campaign Finance

N/A IB 1995, c. 1

Died between houses

Approved at referendum:

Nov. 5, 1996

Yes: 320,755
No:  250,185
House, March 30, 1996
p. H-2001-H-2004

Senate, March 30, 1996
p. S-2069

House, April 1, 1996
p. H-2020-H-2021
Committee File:  Yes

News:  The Law Library has numerous articles related to this legislation. Please contact a Reference Librarian.
Yes
1999 LD 50

An Act to Make Additional Appropriations... for the Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1999
Enacted with amendment:

H-18
PL 1999, c. 4, Pt. H-1 House, February 2, 1999
p. H-152

Senate, February 18, 1999
p. S-223
Committee File:  Yes Yes
2000 LD 2663

An Act Relating to Reporting Requirements for Political Action Committees on the Flexibility of the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices to Assess Penalties
Enacted with amendment:

S-666
PL 1999, c. 729 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2001 LD 1711

An Act to Amend Maine's Campaign Finance Laws
Enacted with amendment:

S-308
PL 2001, c. 465 House, June 6, 2001
p. H-1270-H-1271
Committee File:  Yes Yes
2001 LD 1809

An Act Concerning the Penalties for Late Filing of Accelerated Campaign Reporting Under the Maine Clean Election Act
Enacted with amendments:

H-718
S-363
S-370
PL 2001, c. 470 Senate, June 18, 2001
p. S-1201

Senate, June 19, 2001
p. S-1213

Senate, June 19, 2001
p. S-1225
Committee File:  Yes

Report:  State of Maine, One Hundred and Twenty-Fifth Legislature, Committee on Veterans and Legal Affairs. Report on Options for Legislation to Establish a Presidential Primary in the State (Nov. 1, 2012)
Yes
2002 LD 2080

An Act to Make Supplemental Appropriations...for the Fiscal Years Ending June 30, 2002 and June 30, 2003
Enacted with amendments:

H-968
H-986
PL 2001, c. 559, Pt. OO-1 House, March 22, 2002
p. H-1897-H-1921

House, March 25, 2002
p. H-1947-H-1949

Senate, March 25. 2002
p. S-1757-S-1758

Senate, March 25, 2002
p. S-1760-S-1766

Senate, March 25, 2002
p. S-1771-S-1772
Committee File:  Yes

Report:  University of Maine System, Office of Finance and Treasurer. State Funded Research Annual Report: Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 2002 (FY2002) (Dec. 31, 2002)
Yes
2002 LD 2169

An Act to Ensure Proper Disbursement of Matching Funds Under the Maine Clean Election Act
Enacted with amendment:

H-971
PL 2001, c. 589 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2002 LD 2183

Resolve, Regarding Legislative Review of Chapter 3: Maine Clean Elections Act and Related Provision Amendments, Major Substantive Rules of the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
N/A Res. 2001, c. 109 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2002 LD 2220

An Act to Make Supplemental Appropriations....for the Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 2003
Enacted with amendments:

H-1126
S-630
S-632
S-634
PL 2001, c. 714, Pts. PP, RR House, November 13, 2002
p. H-2303-H-2312

House, November 13, 2002
p. H-2316-H-2317

Senate, November 13, 2002
p. S-2197-S-2203

Senate, November 13, 2002
p. S-2210
Committee File:  Yes

Report:  University of Maine System, Office of Finance and Treasurer. State Funded Research Annual Report: Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 2002 (FY2002) (Dec. 31, 2002)
Yes
2003 LD 454

An Act to Clarify Campaign Finance Penalty Provisions
N/A PL 2003, c. 81 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2003 LD 659

An Act to Standardize Reporting Requirements for State Party Committees' Expenditures and Contributions
Enacted with amendments:

H-301
H-329
PL 2003, c. 302 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2003 LD 980

An Act to Amend the Laws Governing the Qualifications of Candidates
Enacted with amendment:

S-108
PL 2003, c. 270 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2003 LD 1196

An Act to Clarify the Definition of Independent Expenditures under the Election Laws
Enacted with amendment:

S-205
PL 2001, c. 448 Senate, May 20, 2003
p. S-705-S-706

House, May 21, 2003
p. H-708
Committee File:  Yes Yes
2003 LD 1310

An Act to Improve the Clean Election Option for Gubernatorial Candidates
Enacted with amendment:

H-450
PL 2003, c. 453 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2004 LD 1868

Resolve, Regarding Legislative Review of Chapter 1: Procedures and Portions of Chapter 3: Maine Clean Election Act and Related Provisions, Major Substantive Rules of the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
Enacted with amendments:

H-835
S-503
S-504
Res. 2003, c. 136 House, April 7, 2004
p. H-1535

Senate, April 8, 2004
p. S-1572

House, April 13, 2004
p. H-1619
Committee File:  Yes Yes
2004 LD 1916

An Act to Correct Errors and Inconsistencies in the Laws of Maine
Enacted with amendments:

H-907     H-923
H-946     H-947
H-950     H-952
S-555                
S-559
PL 2003, c. 688, Pt. A-21, A-22 House, April 16, 2004
p. H-1743-H-1744

Committee File:  Yes Yes
2004 LD 1919

An Act to Make Supplemental Appropriations...for the Fiscal Years Ending June 30, 2004 and June 30, 2005
Enacted with amendments:

H-904     H-932
H-935     H-937
H-958     H-964
H-965     S-518
S-543    
PL 2003, c. 673, Pt. EE-1   Committee File:  Yes Yes
2005 LD 1500

An Act to Improve Campaign Financing and Reporting and the Administration of the Maine Clean Election Act
Enacted with amendment:

S-264
PL 2005, c. 301 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2006 LD 1596

An Act Limiting Clean Election Candidates Campaign Soliciting
Enacted with amendment:

S-521
PL 2005, c. 542 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2005 LD 1672

Resolve, Regarding Legislative Review of Portions of Chapter 1: Procedures; Portions of Chapter 3: Maine Clean Election Act and Related Practices; and Campaign Reporting Forms for Candidates, Major Substantive Rules of the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
Enacted with amendment:

H-566
Res. 2005, c. 111 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2007 LD 499

An Act Making Unified Appropriations…for the Fiscal Years Ending June 30, 2007, June 30, 2008 and June 30, 2009.
Enacted with amendments:

H-412
H-445
PL 2007, c. 240, §F-1 House, June 5, 2007
p. H-671-H-681

House, June 6, 2007
p. H-705-H-711

Senate, June 6, 2007
p. S-911-S-919

House, June 21, 2007
p. H-945

Senate, June 21, 2007
p. S-1247

House, April 9, 2008
p. H-1522

House, April 17, 2008
p. H-1689
Committee File:  Yes Yes
2007 LD 1341

An Act to Clarify Restrictions on Accepting Campaign Contributions Laws
Enacted with amendment:

H-337
PL 2007, c. 279 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2007 LD 1854

An Act Regarding Campaign Finance Reporting and the Maine Clean Election Act
Enacted with amendment:

S-279
PL 2007, c. 443, Pt. B No debate. Committee File:  Yes

News:  "Keeping up with campaigns." Bangor Daily News, 5/8/2007.
Yes
2008 LD 1877

Resolve, Regarding Legislative Review of Portions of Chapter 3: Maine Clean Election Act and Related Provisions, a Major Substantive Rule of the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
N/A Res. 2007, c. 72 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2008 LD 2015

An Act to Ensure Integrity in Financing Publicly Funded Campaigns
Enacted with amendment:

H-793
PL 2007, c. 567 No debate. Committee File:  Yes

News:  "Two bills to address campaign fund use." Portland Press Herald, 1/14/2008.
Yes
2008 LD 2070

An Act to Improve the Campaign Finance Laws and Their Administration
Enacted with amendment:

H-824
PL 2007, c. 571 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2008 LD 2219

An Act to Promote Transparency and Accountability in Campaigns and Governmental Ethics
Enacted with amendments:

H-939
S-601
PL 2007, c. 642 House, April 9, 2008
p. H-1503

House, April 9, 2008
p. H-1529

Senate, April 14, 2008
p. S-1984

House, April 16, 2008
p. H-1621-H-1622

House, April 16, 2008
p. H-1652
Committee File:  Yes

News:  The Law Library has numerous articles related to this legislation. Please contact a Reference Librarian.
Yes
2008 LD 2258

Resolve, Regarding Legislative Review of Portions of Chapter 3: Maine Clean Election Act and Related Provisions, a Major Substantive Rule of the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
N/A Res. 2007, c. 202 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2009 LD 779

An Act To Require Closed-captioning for Certain Political Advertisements
Enacted with amendment:

H-97
PL 2009, c. 105 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2009 LD 923

Resolve, To Require Funding to Maine Clean Elections Act Candidates
Finally passed with amendments:

H-533
S-287
Res. 2009, c. 128 Senate, June 2, 2009
p. S-919

House, June 4, 2009
p. H-788-789

Committee File:  Yes Yes
2009 LD 1016

An Act To Amend the Laws Governing Campaign Finance Reports and the Maine Clean Election Act
Enacted with amendment:

S-136
PL 2009, c. 190, Pt. B No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2009 LD 1197

An Act To Improve the Maine Clean Election Act
Enacted with amendments:

S-214
S-246
S-291
PL 2009, c. 286, §§4-9 Senate, May 28, 2009
p. S-810

Senate, June 3, 2009
p. S-959-960
Committee File:  Yes Yes
2009 LD 1380

An Act To Amend the Maine Clean Election Laws Governing Gubernatorial Candidates
Enacted with amendments:

H-429
H-529
PL 2009, c. 363 House, June 8, 2009
p. H-835
Committee File:  Yes Yes
2009 LD 1451

An Act To Amend the Maine Clean Election Act and the Enforcement Procedures of the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
Enacted with amendment:

S-242
PL 2009, c. 302, §§11-23 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2009 LD 1461

Resolve, Regarding Legislative Review of Portions of Chapter 3: Maine Clean Election Act and Related Provisions - Increase of Seed Money to $150,000, a Major Substantive Rule of the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
Finally passed with amendment:

H-392
Res. 2009, c. 90 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2009 LD 1462

Resolve, Regarding Legislative Review of Portions of Chapter 3: Maine Clean Election Act and Related Provisions - Increase of Seed Money to $150,000, a Major Substantive Rule of the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
Finally passed with amendment:

H-445
Res. 2009, c. 103 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2010 LD 1546

An Act To Improve Disclosure of Campaign Finance Information and the Operation of the Maine Clean Election Act
Enacted with amendment:

S-395
PL 2009, c. 524 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2010 LD 1805

An Act To Correct Errors and Inconsistencies in the Laws of Maine
Enacted with amendments:

H-832
S-535
S-545
PL 2009, c. 652 Senate, April 12, 2010
p. S-1835
Committee File:  Yes Yes
2011 LD 231

Resolve, Directing the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices To Adopt Routine Technical Rules Governing the Maine Clean Election Act and Equipment Repurchase
Finally passed with amendment:

H-39
Res. 2011, c. 19 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2011 LD 726

Resolve, To Reduce Funding To Maine Clean Election Act Candidates
Finally passed with amendment:

S-253
Res. 2011, c. 89 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2011 LD 848

Resolve, Directing the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices To Study Modifying the Maine Clean Election Act
Finally passed with amendments:

S-54
S-332
Res. 2011, c. 103 House, March 14, 2012
p. H-1259
Committee File:  Yes

Court opinion:  McComish v. Brewer, No. CV-08-1550-PHX-ROS (D. 17 Ariz. Jan. 20, 2010)

Report:  Report on Maine Clean Election Act: Proposals to Improve Maine's Public Campaign Financing (Sept. 2011)

News:  "Supreme Court, Legislature set sights on Clean Elections program." Bangor Daily News. 3/29/2011, p. B5.
Yes
2011 LD 1541

An Act To Amend Campaign Finance Laws
Enacted with amendment:

S-263
PL 2011, c. 389 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2012 LD 1618

An Act To Amend the Campaign Finance Laws Regarding Reporting Refunds of Campaign Expenditures
Enacted with amendment:

S-405
PL 2011, c. 522 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2012 LD 1774

An Act Regarding the Matching Funds Provisions of the Maine Clean Election Act
Enacted with amendment:

H-780
PL 2011, c. 558 Senate, March 12, 2012
p. S-1796-S-1811

House, March 14, 2012
p. H-1258-H-1266

Senate, March 15, 2012
p. S-1870-S-1872

House, March 19, 2012
p. H-1281-H-1283
Court opinion:  Arizona Free Enterprise Club’s Freedom Club PAC v. Bennett, 131 S. Ct. 2806

News:
  The Law Library has numerous articles related to this legislation. Please contact a Reference Librarian.
Yes
2012 LD 1906

Resolve, Regarding Legislative Review of Portions of Chapter 3: Maine Clean Election Act and Related Provisions, a Major Substantive Rule of the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
N/A Res. 2011, c. 158 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2013 LD 1299

An Act To Amend Campaign Finance Laws
Enacted unsigned with amendment:

S-191
PL 2013, c. 334 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2015 LD 174

An Act To Amend the Maine Clean Election Act Regarding Candidate Participation in Political Action Committees
Enacted with amendment:

H-147
PL 2015, c. 116 No debate. Committee File:  Yes Yes
2015 LD 806

An Act To Strengthen the Maine Clean Election Act, Improve Disclosure and Make Other Changes to the Campaign Finance Laws
N/A IB 2015, c. 1

Approved at referendum:

Nov. 3, 2015

Yes: 119,992
No:  98,343
No debate. N/A Yes
2017 LD 408

An Act To Prohibit Taxpayer-funded Campaign Expenditures from Being Used on Post-election Parties
N/A PL 2017, c. 31 Not yet available. Committee File:  Yes

News:  "Republican lawmakers want to remove gubernatorial candidates from Maine's Clean Elections Act." Portland Press Herald, 2/21/2017, p. A1, A8.
Yes
2017 LD 459

Resolve, Regarding Legislative Review of Portions of Chapter 3: Maine Clean Election Act and Related Provisions, a Major Substantive Rule of the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
N/A Res. 2017, c. 13 Not yet available. Committee File:  Yes

Yes
2017 LD 1802

Resolve, Regarding Legislative Review of Portions of Chapter 3: Maine Clean Election Act and Related Provisions, a Major Substantive Rule of the Commission on Governmental Ethics and Election Practices
N/A Res. 2017, c. 37 Not yet available. Not yet available. N/A